Male infertility occurs at least than in women, while most unaware of pathology until marriage. Factors, that lead to male infertility, vary from hereditary diseases to psycho-emotional depression. With medical control, almost any pathology form is reversible.
Male infertility (fertility loss) is associated with decrease in sperm quantitative and qualitative composition, sperm activity loss, congenital abnormalities, transferred inflammatory diseases, sexually transmitted infections, exposure to chemicals.
Among all infertility cases, men account for about 45-50%. Modern doctors successfully solve problems, associated with impaired reproductive function, using latest treatment techniques. For more details click here https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/male-infertility/symptoms-causes/syc-20374773.
Causes of Men Infertility
Consider causes of male infertility most common forms:
- Obstructive, in which sperm can`t be pulled out of urethra.
- Secretory, caused by impaired spermatogenesis – process of germ cells formation.
Obstruction cause – blockage of vas deferens ducts (one or both) can be inflammatory processes, cysts in testes, as well as injuries received during operation. Often, canals bonding occurs in men, who have had syphilis.
Male infertility factor include qualitative changes in ejaculate: decrease in number and motility of spermatozoa, defects in sperm cells structure. Such disorders occur due to varicocele, edema, mumps (mumps), cryptorchidism, orchitis, in which blood supply to testes deteriorates.
Secretory dysfunction is often diagnosed on background of general male health. The reasons may be trivial: driving car with heated seats, passion for bath and sauna, prolonged stress.
Other male infertility forms
About 2-3% of men show immunological infertility: sperm components are rejected by cervical mucosa of partner.
If pathology is congenital, malformations of genital organs, for example, valve failure and weakness of testicle venous walls, or genetic disorders of a set of chromosomes and their fragments (Klinefelter syndrome, Kalman syndrome, Kennedy, etc.) are cause.
About third of men with secondary infertility have combined infertility form. To determine all mechanisms that affect reproductive abilities, you need to undergo comprehensive diagnosis, to make sperm analysis.
Signs and symptoms of male infertility
In most cases, signs of infertility in men are blurred. The expressed symptoms, except for absence of pregnancy in partner, don`t appear.
With obstructive form are possible:
- Violation of erection, urination.
- Itching, inflammation and discomfort testicles, scrotum, penis area.
Such symptoms develop due to progressive infection, and growing cyst can cause pain and breakdown in urination.
Secretory infertility form symptoms are considered small amount of sperm released during intercourse, or aspermia – complete absence of sperm. In overweight men with swollen mammary glands, as rule, there is “bad” spermogram, as there are signs of hormonal disorders.
Male Infertility Treatment Methods
In urologists arsenal mass of drug and surgical methods allow to restore men reproductive function:
- Drug treatment.
- Artificial insemination.
Reproductive technologies for artificial insemination and fertilization are usually resorted to final stage of treatment when other methods haven`t given positive result. To know more, please use this site https://www.webmd.com/men/features/male-infertility-treatments.
Male infertility complications
In about half of cases, infertility is only intermediate in picture of another, more serious disease. If factors, caused fertility loss aren`t eliminated in time, it will be more difficult and sometimes impossible to restore it. In addition to absolute infertility, risk of impotence, prostatitis and prostate cancer increases in future. Neglecting diagnosis and treatment of “male” diseases, patient loses desire and ability to have sex, experiences psychological discomfort, reduced self-esteem.Complications can be avoided if, for purpose of prevention, to streamline sex life, to give up bad habits and to regularly visit urologist.