Being overweight has serious health consequences, especially for people with a tendency to abdominal obesity. How to recognize this state and what to do to say goodbye to it once and for all?
Abdominal obesity (AO), also known as Apple obesity, is not only an aesthetic problem, as the risk of many diseases increases. Adipose tissue, which is deposited in excess on the stomach, is a greater threat to health than the one that accumulates on the thighs or buttocks.
From year to year, the number of overweight and obese people is increasing, and more than 60% of men and almost 50% of women are struggling with the problem of excessive fat accumulation in the body.
Various indicators and measurements are used to diagnose, test and classify obesity. These include:
- BMI (body mass index),
- Waist-hip ratio-waist circumference-hip ratio,
- anthropometry – measurement of skin fold thickness,
- measurement of body electrical bioinduction-otherwise analysis of body composition.
We are dealing with abdominal obesity, when the waist circumference of women is equal to or greater than 88 cm, and in men-94 cm.
The most common BMI or body mass index, which is used to determine the correct body weight and allows you to distinguish the degree of obesity, is not reliable in the diagnosis of abdominal obesity. This is not an indicator that determines the location of fat.
One of the most important causes of AO is an unhealthy lifestyle consisting of malnutrition and lack of physical activity. However, too high-calorie diet and lack of exercise are not the main reasons why adipose tissue is deposited on the stomach.
The main causes of abdominal obesity:
- hormones-abdominal obesity affects mainly men, and its location is primarily responsible for male hormones, as well as the distribution and structure of adipose tissue. In women, hormones contribute to obesity, but during menopause and in the case of various hormonal disorders, fat can also appear on the stomach.
- stress-life under constant stress affects the release of the hormone (neuropeptide) responsible for the accumulation of fat in cells. Together with cortisol, which not only causes appetite, but has a significant effect on adipose tissue, they contribute to the development of obesity in the type of “Apple”. Stress also contributes to eating and snacking between meals;
- medication-the use of certain medications, especially hormonal, contributes to the deposition of adipose tissue on the abdomen.
Abdominal obesity – what is dangerous for health?
The consequences of obesity in the abdomen can be very serious. Deeply located visceral adipose tissue surrounds the most important organs: the heart, liver, pancreas and simultaneously impairs their work. Visceral fat is also a source of toxins and cytokines that increase the risk of heart disease and reduce the sensitivity of the system to insulin. In addition, abdominal fat can contribute to the development of colon, pancreatic and esophageal cancer
AO can be a great threat to the body because adipose tissue is deposited near important internal organs. As a result, this can lead to:
- metabolic disease,
- cardio-vascular diseases,
- disorders of the heart,
- type 2 diabetes,
- heart attack,
- cancer of the pancreas,
- cancer of the colon.
It is obvious that AO poses a great threat to health and should not be underestimated.
The choice of AO treatment methods will depend on the causes of its occurrence. However, regardless of the factors that affect the excessive accumulation of fat in the body, the basis of treatment will be a change in eating habits and lifestyle. First of all, a properly balanced low-energy diet and physical activity can influence weight loss therapy and minimize the risk of complications associated with obesity.
In some cases, the doctor may additionally recommend pharmacotherapy. On the one hand, this may be due to the need to take diet pills (with very high obesity and associated complications), and on the other hand – to take medication for diseases caused by abdominal obesity.
It should be remembered that all kinds of drugs for weight loss will support therapy, but without the recommended diet and exercise will not bring effect.
Psychological support may be needed to combat abdominal obesity, as well as any other type of obesity.
Abdominal obesity – diet
Diet for weight loss in the case of AO should be well balanced, with low energy consumption and contain the necessary amount of nutrients.
The diet should be present:
- whole grains, bran, brown rice, etc;
- fruits – fresh and dried, especially with low glycemic index;
- fish-sources of valuable omega-3 and omega-6 acids;
- low-fat dairy products;
- olive oil and other healthy fats;
- dietary fiber;
- white meat;
- fresh herbs and spices;
- plenty of water and the right combination of herbal teas.
Limit sugar because it’s a “white killer” – it’s not just sweets but also sugar hidden in fruit juices, carbonated drinks, liqueurs, Breakfast cereals and so on. Always read the composition of the products and do not choose those in which sugar is at the top of the list.
It should be remembered that a healthy diet is one of the components of not only the maintenance of weight in the norm, but longevity.